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School bullying is a type of bullying that occurs in connection with education, either inside or outside of school. Bullying can be physical, verbal, or emotional and is usually repeated over a period of time.[1] [2]

School shootings have focused attention on student bullying, with shooters in several of the worst shootings reporting they were bullied.

Studies prompted by the shootings have shown long-lasting emotional harm to victims. The studies also revealed that bullies themselves are likely to suffer problems as children and adults.[3]

Many educational institutions have implemented anti-bullying campaigns. Studies in Norway and England confirm these programs can be effective. The programs usually focus on increasing awareness and supervision, establishing clear rules, and providing support and protection for victims.

Types of bullying and what it means to bullyEdit

School bullying is behavior intended to harm or disturb the victim. It can be physical or emotional and can occur in person, electronically, or indirectly.

Physical school bullyingEdit

Examples of physical bullying include: [4]

  • Punching
  • Shoving
  • Slapping
  • Other acts that hurt people physically and emotionally
  • Attacking
  • Pranks
  • Teasing and abusing

Emotional school bullyingEdit

Examples of emotional bullying include: [5]

  • Spreading bad rumors about people
  • Keeping certain people out of a "group"
  • Teasing people in mean ways
  • Getting certain people to "gang up" on others
  • Name calling
  • Taunts, Insults etc
  • Harassment
  • Provocation

Electronic bullying: (cyber-bullying)Edit

Bullying also can happen on-line or electronically. This form of harassment is known as Cyber-bullying. It occurs when someone bullies through the Internet, mobile phones or other electronic means.[6] Examples include:

  • Sending mean-spirited text, e-mail, or instant messages.
  • Posting inappropriate pictures or messages about others in blogs or on Web sites.
  • Using someone else's user name to spread rumors or lies about someone.
  • Lying to hurt internally and externally.

Causes of school bullyingEdit

Some children bully because they have been isolated, and they have a deep need for belonging, but they do not possess the social skills to effectively keep friends.[7]

Who bulliesEdit

One student or a group can bully another student or a group of students. Bystanders may participate or watch, sometimes out of fear of becoming the next victim. People that bully other people are the types of kids that enjoy putting other people down and that makes them feel better about themselves. People like that also feel insecure about themselves by putting others down. However, there is some research suggesting that a significant proportion of "normal" school children may not evaluate school-based violence (student-on-student victimization) as negatively or as being unacceptable as much as adults generally do, and may even derive enjoyment from it, and they may thus not see a reason to prevent it if it brings them joy on some level.[8]

Bullying can also be perpetrated by teachers and the school system itself: there is an inherent power differential in the system that can easily predispose to subtle or covert abuse, humiliation, or exclusion - even while maintaining overt commitments to anti-bullying policies.[9][10][11]

Strategies to reduce bullying within schoolsEdit

Researchers (Olweus, 1993;[12] Craig & Peplar, 1999;[13] Ross, 1998;[14] Morrison, 2002;[15] Whitted & Dupper, 2005;[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Stop Bullying Now! Information, Prevention, Tips, and Games.
  2. Teen Bully
  3. Bullying Widespread in U.S. Schools
  4. Stop Bullying Now! Information, Prevention, Tips, and Games.
  5. Stop Bullying Now! Information, Prevention, Tips, and Games.
  6. Stop Bullying Now! Information, Prevention, Tips, and Games.
  7. Williams, K.D., Forgás, J.P. & von Hippel, W. (Eds.) (2005). The Social Outcast: Ostracism, Social Exclusion, Rejection, & Bullying. Psychology Press: New York, NY.
  8. Kerbs, J.J. & Jolley, J.M. The Joy of Violence: What about Violence is Fun in Middle-School? American Journal of Criminal Justice. Vol. 32, No. 1-2/ Oct. 2007.
  9. Garbarino, J. & de Lara, E. (2003). And Words CAN Hurt Forever: How to Protect Adolescents from Bullying, Harassment, and Emotional Violence. The Free Press: New York NY.
  10. Whitted, K.S. (2005). Student reports of physical and psychological maltreatment in schools: An under-explored aspect of student victimization in schools. University of Tennessee.
  11. Whitted, K. S. & Dupper, D. R. Do Teachers Bully Students?: Findings from a Survey of Students in an Alternative Education Setting. Education and Urban Society, 2008, 40(3), 329-341.
  12. Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford Blackwell Publishers.
  13. Craig, W.M. & Peplar, D.J. (1999). Children who bully - Will they just grow out of it? Orbit, 29 (4), 16 - 19.
  14. Ross, P.N. (1998). Arresting violence: a resource guide for schools and their communities. Toronto: Ontario Public School Teachers' Federation.
  15. Morrison, B. (2002). Bullying and victimisation in schools: a restorative justice approach. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice. No.219; Feb. 2002. Australian Institute of Criminology.
  16. Whitted, K.S. & Dupper, D.R. (2005). Best Practices for Preventing or Reducing Bullying in Schools. Children and Schools, Vol. 27, No. 3, July 2005 , pp. 167-175(9).

External linksEdit

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at School bullying. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Homeschooling, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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